CADCAM

Computer Aided Design, Computer Aided Manufacture.

CAD CAM mill

Machine that carves to a specific shape.

CAD CAM scanner

Laser scanner used to portray specific body shape.

Calf band

Band of material (plastic,leather,metal) that wraps around back of calf. Usually a part of a brace.

Cane

Used as a walking aide.

Carbon fiber

Structural reinforcement in plastic composites.

Cast (positive, convex)

Plaster or foam model of specific object.

Cast modification

Functional changing of the shape of a cast.

Casting and measurement taking

Getting 3-dimensional body impressions and measurements.

Casting procedure

Technique of getting 3-dimensional body impressions.

Cavovalgus foot deformity

Foot deformity presenting with high medial arch combined with heel valgus.

Cerebral palsy

Loss of neural muscle control by congenital brain damage.

Cerebro vascular accident

Vascular blood clotting in a part of the brain.

Cervical

Neck portion of the spinal column.

Cervical collar (cervical brace)

Orthosis for the neck. Acts as a kinesthetic reminder.

Check Socket

A socket made of clear plastic used to evaluate the fit of the socket design to the residual limb.

Circumduction

During gait the affected limb will swing outward and then back in through swing phase.

Circumference

Measurement around a specific part of the body.

Clam shell design

When two pieces of material come together to support a specific body structure.

Club foot

Pes equino varus, a congenital (or acquired) foot deformity.

C.O.

Cervical orthosis, orthosis for neck immobilization.

C.O. (Certified Orthotist)

Orthotist who has passed the certification standards of The American Board of Certification in Orthotics & Prosthetics, and maintains certification through mandatory continuing education program and adherence to the Canons of Ethical Conduct.

C.Ped.

Pedorthist who is certified by the Board for Certified Pedorthist.

C.P. (Certified Prosthetist)

Prosthetist who has passed the certification standards of The American Board of Certification in Orthotics & Prosthetics, and maintains certification through mandatory continuing education program and adherence to the Canons of Ethical Conduct.

C.P.O. (Certified Prosthetist-Orthotist)

Prosthetist/Orthotist who has passed the certification standards of The American Board of Certification in Orthotics & Prosthetics, and maintains certification through mandatory continuing education program and adherence to the Canons of Ethical Conduct.

Collateral ligament

Ligaments bridging the side of joints.

Component

General term to describe prosthetic and orthotic componentry.

Condyle

Rounded part of the bone normally located at the joint.

Conical stump

A stump being larger in the proximal circumference than in the distal circumference.

Constant friction

Continuous braking force.

Contracture

Specific body segment unable to attain full range of motion.

Contralateral

Pertaining to the opposite side of the affected limb.

Congenital

Occurring at birth.

Coronal plane

Pertaining to the front (Observes abduction/adduction).

Corset

Lumbar brace made from textile material.

Cosmetic cover

Soft or flexible cover used to protect prosthesis as well as make prosthesis look real.

C.P.O.

Certified Prosthetist / Orthotist.

Cranial

Relating to the head.

C.T.L.S.O.

Cervico-Thoraco-Lumbo-Sacral Orthosis.

C.T.O.

Cervico-Thoraco Orthosis.

Cuff

Used in both prostheses and orthoses to provide a circular enclosure of arm, thigh, calf etc.

Custom Fabricated Orthosis

Orthosis, which is individually made for a specific patient. Created using an impression generally by means of plaster or fiber cast, a digital image using computer-aided design-computer aided manufacture (CAD-CAM) systems software, or direct form to patient.

Custom made

Orthosis, which is individually made for a specific patient. Created using an impression generally by means of plaster or fiber cast, a digital image using computer-aided design-computer aided manufacture (CAD-CAM) systems software, or direct form to patient.

Cylindrical stump

A stump similar in measurement at the proximal circumference as it is in the distal circumference.

Cast (negative, concave)

No answer.

Carbon fiber foot

Energy returning prosthetic foot made up of layers of graphite.

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